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Postcards from Armenia (1900-1920) on Russian site


Photos de Cilicie - 1920   Photos p.1      Photos p.3   Photos de Cilicie - 1920

10 - General Dufieux and his staff - 1921
General Dufieux and his staff - 1921

Photo 1
Photo Elie.
In January-February 1920, Elie was in Marash with his company. Is there that this surprising photo was taken? The soldiers recovered heavy coats of their original regiments.That of Elie shows the mark of the 113th RI regiment in which he experienced the trenches. One can observe tricolor ribbons on their breasts. Who are the civilians? Are they French? Armenians? Other?

Photo 2
Photo Dufieux.
Post in the Cilician countryside.
French soldiers were few in Cilicia, they were spread over a large geographical area. They felt very isolated in the countryside where they were vulnerable to attacks by bandits.

Photo 3
Photo Canuel.
Caravan in the Taurus.
The camels were still widely used in Asiatic Turkey in 1920. Caravans fascinated our soldiers, and the unfriendly behavior of animals greatly enjoyed them.

Photo 4
Photo Journois.
Officers housing in Belemedik. There, at the beginning of the 20th century, yards of "Baghdad" (the railroad that would link Berlin to Baghdad) gave birth at a city of 10 000 inhabitants in the heart of the mountains Taurus. In january 1920, Mesnil Commander was ordered to move its troops 15 km away in Bozanti (nowadays Pozanti), which location is more strategic. The officers will again be housed in one of these homes after being taken prisoners by the Turks.

Photo 5
Photo Journois.
Bozanti - House of Commander and Madame Mesnil. Bozanti is at that time a village with a mosque, few houses and a former German camp which housed the French soldiers.

Photo 6
Photo Journois.
Bozanti the trench.
Bozanti is on a plateau above the "Cilician Gates". From the heights around the shelf it is possible to monitor all traffic between Anatolia and Cilicia, through Bozanti.

Photo 7
Photo Journois.
Commander Mesnil in 1920.
Commander Mesnil had the responsibility of the garrison Bozanti (about 800 soldiers). He had permission to take his wife with him, the French authorities did not provide for fighting. After the fall of the garrison Bozanti, he was taken prisoner with his men for 16 months. With a great charisma, he was a tireless negotiator, beloved by his men and appreciated by his enemies.

Photo 8
Photo Journois.
Mrs. Mesnil, the wife of the commander, was a nurse in northern France during the Great War. She continued to perform his job at the hospital Belemedik near Bozanti, where she teamed with the doctor of the garrison and a young Armenian doctor. This team surprised the Turks because they tended with equal care the Turkish and French wounded. Prisoner before her husband, Mrs. Mesnil has inspired respect to everyone for his courage. The soldiers asked the French Legion of Honor for her, in a petition signed by all, which seems to have remained without effect.

Photo 9
Photo Journois.
Mersina, May 3, 1921.
General Gouraud decorates General Dufieux with the tie of the Legion of Honor.
General Gouraud, French High Commissioner to the Levant, was formed by Marshal Lyautey with whom he teamed in Morocco. During the Great War he was wounded at the Dardanelles and lost his right arm. He was the only general wounded : in battle at the Dardanelles, the General Staff was very near the combat zone.
During the campaign of Cilicia, Syria, General Gouraud formed states of Syria and Lebanon, by negotiating with the people who inhabited these regions and their representatives.
In this photo we see a regiment of Senegalese Infantrymen who make the honors to the two generals.

Photo 10
Photo Dufieux.
General Dufieux and his staff.
Adana - July 1921.

Photo 11
Photo Dufieux.
Lieutenant de Seze 1921.
After the siege and massacre of Marash, the French government has sent reinforcements in Cilicia, with modern weapons. Here a tank of the latest fashion!

Photo 12
Photo Dufieux.
Mess truck - 1921.
In 1921, peace returned to Cilicia. Negotiations are ongoing. The French agreed to leave, but they expect security for Armenians, Greeks, Turks who took refuge near them, and they wait for the release of their prisoners.

Photo 13
Photo Dufieux.
South Adana - 1921.
General Dufieux and Pastor Waroge took an "Araba" to visit people in the countryside south of Adana. The Arabas, lightweight and comfortable, were a popular way for the French move.

Copyright     Nicole ROUFFIAC - 2005 - All rights reserved