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Here a report of the beginning of 1921 on the population of Cilicie (SHD 4H229). Precautions are taken for saying to which point the numbers are dubious and approximate. They are however interesting to show the diversity of the population.We can imagine that the Christian populations were particularly difficult to evaluate after the massacres of 1909 and 1915, the deportations of 1915, the returns of 1919... and the massacres of 1920.

We will thus take the figures given by the official statistics [ Ottomans ] to know the number of Turks and those given by various nationalities to know the number of the nationals of each one, and we will consider only the proportion as suitable, and we will take only as indication the figures of the various communities. And initially, the number of these nationalities is very high; some have between them a mortal hatred, most of them feel as released from the yoke of the Turkish despotism; all are jealous of their existance and claim the right to the life.

Approximate table indicating the various elements of the population in Cilicia

Religion


Ethnos group


Population

Turks themselves

140 000

Ansarieh

100 000

Kizilbach

40 000

Moslems
372 000

Kurds

25 000

Tcherkess

20 000

Various: Gypsies
Afghans
Cretans
Yezidis
Arabs
Roumeliotes
Bulgarian
Berber
Sudanese

47 000


Armenians

125 000

Greeks

60 000

Not Moslems
218 000

Syrians

25 000

Chaldeens

25 000

Maronites

3 000

Nestorians

1 000

Various: Latin
Protestants
Jews

1 500

Total

590 000




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